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    • Updated: 11/13/2020
      Copyright - 2005-2020
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      Horizon Professional Services


    Veal is a by-product of the dairy industry. In order for dairy cows to produce milk, they must be impregnated & give birth. Half of the calves born are female, & they are used to replace older cows in the milking herd. The other half are male, & because they are of no use to the dairy industry, most are used for beef or veal.

    Immediately after birth, male calves born on dairies are taken from their mothers & transported by trucks to be sold through auction rings. These baby calves are stressed from being taken from their mothers and from being transported. They are mishandled and when they can no longer walk, they are dragged by their legs or even by their ears.

    Annually one million calves are confined in crates measuring just two feet wide. The calves are chained by the neck to restrict all movement, making it is impossible for them to turn around, stretch, or lie down comfortably. This restricted movement renders the calves' meat "tender" by not allowing the animals' muscles to develop.

    Indications are that calves confined in crates experience "chronic stress" & require more medication than calves living in more spacious conditions, thereby making veal the most likely meat to contain drug residues which pose a threat to human health. It is also reported that this confinement results in frustration exhibited by head tossing, head shaking, kicking, scratching, & stereotypical chewing behavior. Confined calves also experience leg & joint disorders & an impaired ability to walk.

    Veal producers feed the calves an all liquid milk-substitute deficient in iron & fiber in order to produce borderline anemia & the pale colored flesh fancied by 'gourmets'. At approximately sixteen weeks of age, these calves are slaughtered and sold as "white" veal (also known as "fancy," "milk-fed," "special fed," and "formula fed" veal).

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